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    EU hit tech firm Google with €4.3bn Android fine

    Google has been fined a record €4.34bn ($5bn; £3.9bn) over Android, BBC reports.

    The European Commission said the firm had used the mobile operating system to illegally "cement its dominant position in general internet search".

    In a statement the regulator said Google had "denied European consumers the benefits of effective competition in the important mobile sphere."

    The firm's parent Alphabet has been given 90 days to change its business practices or face further penalties of up to 5% of its average daily turnover.

    Google's chief executive Sundar Pichai was pre-briefed about the decision by Competition Commissioner Margrethe Vestager on Tuesday according to BBC, and it has said it plans to appeal.

    Google's parent Alphabet can easily afford the fine - its cash reserves totalled nearly $103bn at the end of March.

    However, it believes the punishment is unjustified.

    What is the case against Google?

    Ms Vestager alleges that there are three ways that Google has acted illegally:
    • it required Android handset and tablet manufacturers to pre-install the Google Search app and its own web browser Chrome as a condition for allowing them to offer access to its Play app store.

    • it made payments to large manufacturers and mobile network operators that agreed to exclusively pre-install the Google Search app on their devices.

    • it prevented manufacturers from selling any smart devices powered by alternative "forked" versions of Android by threatening to refuse them permission to pre-install its apps.

    Photo credit: BBC
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