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Southern Cameroon has NOT gained independence, see what it takes for her to be independent:

We want to enlighten our readers(Beta Pipol) on how a nation gains independence because there are rumours on social media claiming that o...


We want to enlighten our readers(Beta Pipol) on how a nation gains independence because there are rumours on social media claiming that on the 1st of October 2017; Southern Cameroon became independent from The Republic of Cameroon and is a nation called Ambazonia.

There are 2 methods via which a portion of a country can be independent:

1-Autonomy:

Autonomy refers to a kind of independence which has been granted by an overseeing authority that itself still retains ultimate authority over that territory. The region in question usually elects its government, then urges international bodies to grant its independence.

In a bid to use this method, pro-secessionists have created a 'government' for Southern Cameroon, with a president and other active administrative members.

Many pro-secessionists have been circulating messages on social media claiming that the UN has granted or is at the verge of granting Southern Cameroon independence, but these claims are false. Going by reports on Aljazeera News the UN is "unlikely" to answer the pleas of independence for Southern Cameroon. Watch the news snippet below:

2- Referendum

An independence referendum is a type of referendum in which the citizens of a territory decide whether or not the territory should become an independent sovereign state.

Procedure for referendum:

Negotiations for the terms of an independence referendum may take place between the pro-seccessionists and the government which exercises sovereignty over the territory. If terms can be agreed, then the independence referendum can be held with its result binding, and respected by the international community. Independence referendums can be held without the consent of governments, but their results are usually ignored by the international community.

Various issues can be discussed in negotiations, such as the date and timing of the poll, as well as voter eligibility. For these instances, common electoral practice is often widely used, although there can be deviations, as seen with the lowering of the voting age for the 2014 Scottish independence referendum.

Other issues to be negotiated include what question or questions should be on the ballot, and what the voting options could be. Independence referendums can offer options of greater autonomy as well as, or instead of, the status quo. They can also put forward other constitutional questions to ballot. The questions that referendums ask may be revised if parties involved in negotiations consider them to be too leading.

Negotiations notably need to address what would make a result binding. For some independence referendums, a simple majority is required for one option. In other cases, a quota can be used, where a certain percentage of the vote or the electorate needs to be in favour of an option for it to be binding.

Successful negotiations can be hard to achieve for pro-secessionists, as governments can be reluctant to give up sovereignty. For example, pro-secessionists planned to hold a referendum in Catalonia in 2014, but met opposition from the Spanish government. As a result, the referendum that went ahead was unofficial and non-binding.

After Referendum, what next?

In the event of a vote for independence, there may be negotiations on the terms of secession for the territory from the sovereign state. A declaration of independence for a new state is then made, and international recognition can follow, as well as membership of international organisations such as the United Nations. In cases involving non-binding referendums, this can lead to a unilateral declaration of independence, and therefore partially recognised or self-proclaimed states.

In the event of a vote against independence, there may still be a strong pro-secessionist movement and calls for there to be a rerun of the independence referendum. For example, after two referendums in Quebec, the Parti Québécois has continued to raise the prospect of holding another referendum.


Source: Wikipedia

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BETA TINZ: Southern Cameroon has NOT gained independence, see what it takes for her to be independent:
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